Large Customer-supplier Links and Syndicate Loan Structure
50 Pages Posted: 8 Apr 2019 Last revised: 12 Dec 2020
Date Written: December 12, 2020
Relationships between large customers and suppliers expose lenders to additional risks. These risks may force lead agents to retain a larger share of syndicated loans, reducing loan-level diversification, and, in turn, increasing the required interest rate spread. Consistent with this view, we find that borrowers’ dependence on a few larger customers or suppliers positively affects the cost of the loans indirectly through the loan structure. Instead, we do not observe a direct cost associated with large customer-supplier links, suggesting that lead agents do not increase the interest rate spread as compensation for the additional risks of dealing with borrowers with large customer-supplier links per se. Finally, we document an inverted U-shaped relationship between the length of the large customer-supplier link and the loan share held by the lead agent.
Keywords: Diversification, Large customer-supplier link, Loan structure, Loan pricing, Syndicated loan
JEL Classification: G21, G30, L1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation