Visceral Influences and Gender Difference in Competitiveness

51 Pages Posted: 18 Mar 2019 Last revised: 24 May 2021

See all articles by Jingcheng Fu

Jingcheng Fu

National University of Singapore (NUS), Department of Economics

Songfa Zhong

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 21, 2020

Abstract

In the stylized design of Niederle and Vesterlund (2007), subjects choose between a piece-rate and a tournament scheme after performing under both schemes. We examine whether the well-replicated gender difference in competitiveness elicited using this design may be influenced by the visceral responses induced by the tasks performed before making the choice. We show that the gender difference in competitiveness is partially explained by the arousal of sex hormones in Experiment 1 and is reduced by introducing a resting period in Experiment 2. Our results suggest that mitigating visceral influences is beneficial for gender equality.

Keywords: tournament, piece rate, competitiveness, visceral influences, sex hormone, gender difference, experiment

JEL Classification: C91, D91, J16

Suggested Citation

Fu, Jingcheng and Zhong, Songfa, Visceral Influences and Gender Difference in Competitiveness (April 21, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3341678 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3341678

Jingcheng Fu

National University of Singapore (NUS), Department of Economics ( email )

Singapore
Singapore

Songfa Zhong (Contact Author)

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Economics ( email )

1 Arts Link, AS2 #06-02
Singapore 117570, Singapore 119077
Singapore

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