The Military and Political Development in Nigeria: The General Sani Abacha Regime, 1993-1998
Elk Asia Pacific Journal of Social Science, Vol. 4, Issue 4, 2018
16 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2019
Date Written: November 27, 2018
General Sani Abacha took over the reign of political power in Nigeria after a bloodless putsch against the interim civilian government in Nigeria in 1993. Abacha ruled Nigeria with an iron-fist. Nigeria’s domestic and foreign policies suffered greatly during the Abacha years. As a result of the massive human rights violation that the country witnessed under him, not least the execution of the ‘Ogoni 9’ activists in 1995, especially the renowned playwright and environmentalist Ken Saro-Wiwa, Nigeria became a pariah in the international community. This was an uncharted territory for Nigeria. Undaunted by the opprobrium from the international community, Abacha instituted a transition programme that would have ensured that he becomes the president of Nigeria when the country is eventually returned to civilian rule. But for his untimely death in 1998, Abacha would have become the first Nigerian president in the Fourth Republic. This work is an analysis of the various efforts and programmes of General Sani Abacha in the nation-building process in Nigeria between 1993 and 1998.
Keywords: Civil Society Group, General Abacha, Military Rule, Nigeria, Praetorian Mechanism
JEL Classification: Y8, Y80
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation