Sowing for Food Security: A Case Study of Smallholder Farmers in Bolivia

Posted: 8 Jan 2019

See all articles by Paul Winters

Paul Winters

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)

Lina Salazar

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Mario Gonza'les-Flores

American University

Julian Aramburu

Yale University

Date Written: December 26, 2018

Abstract

This paper explores the role that agriculture can play in the food security agenda. To meet this objective, this study measures the impact of the “Programa de Apoyos Directos para la Creación de Iniciativas Agroalimentarias Rurales” (CRIAR), an agricultural technology adoption program implemented in highly food insecure areas of rural Bolivia. The paper analyzes whether changes in food security are due to improved food availability (production and local sales) and/or greater food access (income and production used for home consumption). To this end, data from a sample of 1287 households – 817 beneficiaries and 470 controls – interviewed specifically for this purpose are used. To address self-selection issues, the program’s impact is estimated using an instrumental variable model. The results present evidence that program participation improved food security. Specifically, positive impacts on agricultural productivity, agricultural sales and household income are found. These findings confirm the importance of considering agricultural programs as policy tools to address food insecurity.

Keywords: Technology Adoption, Food Security, Productivity, Instrumental Variables, Bolivia

JEL Classification: O13, O33, Q12, Q16, Q18

Suggested Citation

Winters, Paul and Salazar, Lina and Gonza'les-Flores, Mario and Aramburu, Julian, Sowing for Food Security: A Case Study of Smallholder Farmers in Bolivia (December 26, 2018). Food Policy, Vol. 65, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3306584

Paul Winters (Contact Author)

International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) ( email )

Via Paolo di Dono
Rome, 00142
Italy

Lina Salazar

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Mario Gonza'les-Flores

American University

4400 Massachusetts Ave, NW
Washington, DC 20016
United States

Julian Aramburu

Yale University

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

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