Price Competition between Pure Play vs. Bricks-and-Clicks E-Tailers: Analytical Model and Empirical Analysis
42 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2002
Date Written: July 2002
In this paper, we first develop a game theoretic model of price competition between a pure play e-tailer and a bricks-and-clicks e-tailer. We show that in general, the pure play e-tailer has a lower equilibrium price. We then develop a simultaneous equation model of e-tailer price and traffic and estimate this model using data collected from 905 e-tailers across eight product categories. The empirical results show that after controlling for the effects of other variables, prices at pure play e-tailers are generally lower. E-tailers with high traffic do not always command higher prices. E-tailers with high level of reliability, shopping convenience, and deep information, generally do not generate high web traffic and do not enjoy high prices. However, trust enhances e-tailer traffic and early online entry is associated with both high e-tailer traffic and high prices.
Keywords: Pricing, E-Commerce, E-Tailing, Internet marketing, Information economics
JEL Classification: D40, L11, L81, L86, M31
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