Exploring the Influence of Institutional Factors on the Segment Disclosure Practices of Large European Listed Entities
Posted: 6 Oct 2018
Date Written: September 13, 2018
This study investigates how institutional pressures influence segment-related disclosures in the footnotes to financial statements and in the narrative part of the annual reports for 246 non-financial European listed companies. We analyze occurrence, clarity and consistency of segment disclosures regarding segment identification and the measures reported by segment. We employ Oliver’s (1991) framework to explore variations in segment disclosures across our sample and to examine the role of the institutional factors for different disclosure strategies. Our analysis suggests that different types disclosure can be linked to specific institutional factors. Mandatory disclosure is explained mostly by Constituents (ie capital market variables) and Control factors (enforcement) while Clarity of disclosures is more likely to be affected by Constituents and Content (proxies for proprietary costs) factors. Companies are more likely to use compromise, avoidance and defiance strategies in determining their segment reporting disclosure behaviours. The differences in the disclosure strategy followed by companies is mostly driven by Constituents and Content. Our evidence will be informative for practitioners, standard setters and regulators in particular as they seek to improve disclosure practices in financial reports.
Keywords: IFRS 8, Segment Disclosures, Disclosure Quality, Institutional Theory
JEL Classification: M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation