Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations
31 Pages Posted: 26 Aug 2002
Date Written: July 30, 2002
Many status theories propose a link between a group's values and its status hierarchy, whereby individuals who possess characteristics that embody group values are accorded higher status. We tested this idea in three organizations with different task- and social-orientations, relating Big Five personality traits to peer-rated informal status. As hypothesized, Conscientiousness better predicted status than Extraversion in a more task oriented organization, but Extraversion better predicted status in a more socially oriented organization; both traits predicted status in an organization equally task and socially oriented. Further, Neuroticism predicted lower status in a socially oriented group, where presumably, negative emotion was particularly disruptive to social relationships. Taken together, these findings provide the most direct evidence of a link between groups' values and their hierarchies.
Keywords: Status, Power, Personality, Group Values, Big Five, Hierarchy, Groups, Organizations, Organizational Culture
JEL Classification: M5, M54
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation