Macroeconomic Conditions and Child Schooling in Turkey

49 Pages Posted: 20 Aug 2018

See all articles by Pinar Mine Güneş

Pinar Mine Güneş

University of Alberta

Beyza P. Ural Marchand

University of Alberta - Faculty of Arts

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of macroeconomic shocks on child schooling in Turkey using household labor force surveys from 2005-2013. We use variation in local labor demand as an instrumental variable, particularly regional industry composition and national industry employment growth rates. The results demonstrate that child schooling is pro-cyclical in Turkey, with the most acute effects among children with less educated parents and living in rural areas. Finally, as hypothesized, we find asymmetric effects on child schooling based on skill composition of economic growth. Higher unemployment among unskilled workers increases schooling, whereas higher unemployment among skilled workers decreases schooling.

Keywords: schooling, unemployment, business cycles, Turkey

JEL Classification: J13, J24, O15

Suggested Citation

Mine Güneş, Pinar and Ural Marchand, Beyza P., Macroeconomic Conditions and Child Schooling in Turkey. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11686, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3234209

Pinar Mine Güneş (Contact Author)

University of Alberta ( email )

Edmonton, T6G 2R3
Canada

Beyza P. Ural Marchand

University of Alberta - Faculty of Arts ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta
Canada

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