Credit and Money in Schumpeter's Theory
48 Pages Posted: 30 Jul 2002
Together with Wicksell and other German speaking authors, Schumpeter re-defined the foundations of monetary theory replacing the traditional view of money as a "veil", which facilitates exchanges, with the concept of money as capital, which acts as an essential premise for the starting of new production processes. However, these results were not enough to give credit to Schumpeter as monetary theorist. The present paper aims to show that this scanty renown of Schumpeter's monetary theory is due to his attempt to reach a close integration between the monetary and the "real" aspects of the economic system. This attempt implies, in fact, that Schumpeter does not examine the traditional monetary problems but deals with those money functions which are an essential part of the cyclical evolution of the economic system. Such functions, in their turn, found the so-called "credit theory of money", as opposed to the "monetary theory of credit". The "credit theory of money" represents the main subject of this paper.
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