Accessing Other People's Technology for Non-Profit Research

28 Pages Posted: 9 May 2003

See all articles by Carol Nottenburg

Carol Nottenburg

Centre for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture - CAMBIA

Philip G. Pardey

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics

Brian D. Wright

University of California, Berkeley

Abstract

As patents and other forms of intellectual property become more pervasive in the next generation of biotechnologies, designing policies and practices to ensure sufficient freedom to operate (i.e., the ability to practice or use an innovation) will be crucial for non-profit research agencies, especially those intent on developing technologies destined for commercial release. Are non-profit organisations exempt from intellectual property claims? What constitutes infringement of a patent? How does a non-profit establish its freedom to operate? We address these issues in this paper and evaluate various options for accessing other people's technologies. Options include cross-licensing agreements, research-only or cost-free licences, market segmentation strategies, mergers or joint ventures, and patent pooling or clearinghouse mechanisms. Responding creatively to the new intellectual property environment will have far reaching consequences for the future of non-profit research.

Suggested Citation

Nottenburg, Carol and Pardey, Philip G. and Wright, Brian D., Accessing Other People's Technology for Non-Profit Research. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=320462

Carol Nottenburg (Contact Author)

Centre for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture - CAMBIA ( email )

Canberra
Australia

Philip G. Pardey

University of Minnesota - College of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

1994 Buford Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
United States

Brian D. Wright

University of California, Berkeley ( email )

310 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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