Teacher Characteristics and Their Effects on Student Test Scores: A Systematic Review

30 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2018

See all articles by Johan Coenen

Johan Coenen

Etil Research Group

Ilja Cornelisz

VU University Amsterdam

Henriette Maassen van den Brink

University of Amsterdam

Chris van Klaveren

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)

Date Written: July 2018

Abstract

It has become widely accepted that teachers are important in facilitating student learning. Hundreds of empirical studies have tried to explain differences in student performance by evaluating the impact of particular teacher characteristics. Yet, this topic has not been the subject of a systematic review for more than 10 years, even though most of the empirical evidence has emerged over the past decade. This study provides an up‐to‐date review, drawing on empirical findings from several countries and distinguishing between acquired and sociodemographic teacher characteristics. This review confirms the existing consensus that subject‐related degrees and knowledge, and not general teacher certifications, are positively related to student performance and particularly so for Master's degrees in math and science. A new insight is that recent findings point out that teacher experience continues to contribute to student test scores throughout a teacher's career, instead of merely the first few years. An important future research avenue would be to examine which mechanisms can explain these teacher characteristic effects.

Keywords: Student performance, Teacher characteristics, Teacher quality, Test scores

Suggested Citation

Coenen, Johan and Cornelisz, Ilja and Maassen van den Brink, Henriette and Klaveren, Chris van, Teacher Characteristics and Their Effects on Student Test Scores: A Systematic Review (July 2018). Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 32, Issue 3, pp. 848-877, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3194898 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/joes.12210

Johan Coenen (Contact Author)

Etil Research Group ( email )

Netherlands

Ilja Cornelisz

VU University Amsterdam

Henriette Maassen van den Brink

University of Amsterdam ( email )

Spui 21
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands
+31 020 525 4311/4288 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www1.fee.uva.nl/scholar/mdw/hmvdb/main.htm

Chris van Klaveren

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

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