Energy and Fossil Fuels as a Topic of WTO Accession Protocols
M Bungenberg, M Krajewski, C Tams, JP Terhechte, AR Ziegler (eds), European Yearbook of International Economic Law (EYIEL) 2018 (Springer, Forthcoming)
20 Pages Posted: 25 May 2018 Last revised: 15 Jun 2018
Date Written: May 25, 2018
This contribution seeks to analyse and compare WTO Accession Protocols, particularly the interpretations given relevant commitments made in them regarding energy and fossil fuels. After first providing an outline of the accession process and its importance for the natural resources and energy sector, the chapter proceeds with discussing relevant sections of Accession Protocols of major energy producing, exporting and/or transporting WTO Members that have joined the Organization since 1995. This exercise demonstrates that energy and fossil fuels have gradually developed as prominent topics in Members’ accession negotiations, resulting in an increasing amount of commitments on transit and export duties on raw materials and fossil fuels.
Keywords: WTO Law, Accession Protocols, Raw Materials, Energy, Fossil Fuels, Dual Pricing, Schedules, Transit
JEL Classification: F13; F18; F15; F53; F64; H23; H41; H71; K00; K19; K32; L78; L94; L98; O13; O44; Q01; Q27; Q4; Q42; Q
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation