The Labor Market Effects of Immigration Enforcement

52 Pages Posted: 2 May 2018

See all articles by Chloe East

Chloe East

University of Colorado at Denver

Philip Luck

University of Colorado at Denver

Hani Mansour

University of Colorado at Denver - Department of Economics

Andrea Velasquez

University of Colorado at Denver

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of reducing the supply of low-skilled immigrant workers on the labor market outcomes of domestic workers. We use temporal and geographic variation in the introduction of Secure Communities (SC), a county-based immigration enforcement policy, combined with data over 2005-2014 from the American Community Survey to estimate a difference-in-difference model with geographic and time fixed effects. We find evidence that SC had a negative impact on the employment of low-skilled non-citizen workers, who are likely to be directly affected by the policy. Importantly, we also find that SC negatively impacted the employment of citizens working in middle to high-skill occupations. This is the first paper to provide quasi- experimental evidence on the labor market effects of immigration enforcement policies on citizens across the occupational skill distribution, which is of paramount importance given the current immigration policy debates.

Keywords: international migration, labor demand, immigration policy

JEL Classification: F22, J11, J23, K37

Suggested Citation

East, Chloe and Luck, Philip and Mansour, Hani and Velasquez, Andrea, The Labor Market Effects of Immigration Enforcement. IZA Discussion Paper No. 11486, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3170275

Chloe East (Contact Author)

University of Colorado at Denver ( email )

Box 173364
1250 14th Street
Denver, CO 80217
United States

Philip Luck

University of Colorado at Denver

Hani Mansour

University of Colorado at Denver - Department of Economics ( email )

Campus Box 181
P.O. Box 173364
Denver, CO 80218
United States

Andrea Velasquez

University of Colorado at Denver

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
152
Abstract Views
806
rank
230,516
PlumX Metrics