A Theory of General Causes of Terrorism: High Population Growth, Income Inequality and Relative Deprivation

Archives of Psychology, Vol. 2, n. 4, 2018

26 Pages Posted: 18 May 2018

See all articles by Mario Coccia

Mario Coccia

National Research Council of Italy (CNR)

Date Written: April 24, 2018

Abstract

A fundamental problem in psychosocial sciences is how to explain the root causes of terrorism. The vast literature has analyzed several determinants of terrorism. However, the precise role of demographic factors for the evolution of terrorism is hardly known. Statistical evidence here reveals that fatalities for incidents of terrorism are associated with growth rates of population. This finding seems to suggest that terrorism thrives – in average – in specific regions with high growth rates of population that may generate income inequality, subsistence stress and relative deprivation of people. In addition, geospatial analysis here reveals that countries with high association between fatalities from terrorist incidents and population growth are mainly in Africa and Middle East. Overall, then, the study here can clarify and generalize whenever possible, one of the causes of terrorism, which seems to be due to sociodemographic factors combined with psychosocial risk factors. Finally, the study suggests socioeconomic policies directed to reduce this critical problem in society.

Keywords: Terrorism; Terrorist Incidents; Population Growth; Population Pressure; Demographic Factors; Income Inequality; Subsistence Stress; Poverty; Relative Deprivation

JEL Classification: I30; I24; N35; Q56; Z12

Suggested Citation

Coccia, Mario, A Theory of General Causes of Terrorism: High Population Growth, Income Inequality and Relative Deprivation (April 24, 2018). Archives of Psychology, Vol. 2, n. 4, 2018, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3167692

Mario Coccia (Contact Author)

National Research Council of Italy (CNR) ( email )

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