Employment Protection and Corporate Cash Holdings: Evidence from China's Labor Contract Law
45 Pages Posted: 3 Jan 2018 Last revised: 31 Jul 2018
Date Written: December 9, 2017
Employment protection increases labor adjustment costs and hence the expected costs of financial distress for labor-intensive firms. It follows that these firms are likely to increase their cash holdings to reduce the risk of financial distress when employment protection is strengthened. Consistent with this prediction, we find that labor-intensive firms in China significantly increase their cash holdings following the enactment of China’s Labor Contract Law; other contemporaneous shocks do not seem to drive the finding. We also find that two events prior to the enactment that increase the likelihood of enacting the law have a similar effect. Further analysis shows that the impact of the law is concentrated on areas with strict law enforcement, state-owned enterprises, and industries that employ large numbers of migrant workers.
Keywords: Cash holdings; employment protection; labor adjustment costs
JEL Classification: G32, G34, K31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation