Bubbles as Violations of Efficient Time-Scales
25 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2017
Date Written: September 18, 2017
It is commonly overlooked that the concept of market efficiency embowers a time-dimension. Illustrating with an example from the class of persistent random walks, we show that a price process can be a martingale on one time-scale but inefficient on another. This means that just as market efficiency can only be defined relative to an information set, it also depends on a time-scale. We use this hitherto neglected aspect to propose a new definition of bubbles that does not rely on “fundamental value”: A bubble is a violation of the efficient time-scale in that the market starts to “need longer” to reflect the original information set. That is, just as excess volatility is a violation of market efficiency with respect to its filtration, bubbles are a violation of market efficiency with respect to its time-scale.
Keywords: Bubbles, Efficient markets, Martingales, Persistent random walks, Methodology, Market microstructure
JEL Classification: B26, B41, D53, D84, E44, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation