Negative Returns: U.S. Military Policy and Anti-American Terrorism
14 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2017
Date Written: October 18, 2017
We investigate the effect of U.S. military aid and U.S. troop deployments on anti-American terrorism, using a sample of 106 countries between 1986 and 2011. We find that greater military commitment leads to more anti-American terrorism. We study the underlying mechanisms using a mediation analysis and show that both U.S. military aid and troop deployments in foreign countries do not improve local state capacity. Rather, we find that more military aid (but not troop deployments) is linked to poorer political-institutional outcomes in aid-receiving countries, explaining the positive association between U.S. military aid and anti-American terrorism. Our findings suggest that U.S. military policy does not make the United States safer from transnational terrorism.
Keywords: U.S. Military Aid, U.S. Troop Deployments, Anti-American Terrorism, Transnational Terrorism, Mediation Analysis
JEL Classification: D740, F350, F500
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation