Does Parents’ Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X

39 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2017 Last revised: 4 Jul 2021

See all articles by Martha J. Bailey

Martha J. Bailey

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics

Olga Malkova

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics

Zoë McLaren

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

Date Written: October 2017

Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between parents’ access to family planning and the economic resources of their children. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.8% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 12% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. A bounding exercise suggests that the direct effects of family planning programs on parents’ resources account for roughly two thirds of these gains.

Suggested Citation

Bailey, Martha Jane and Malkova, Olga and McLaren, Zoë, Does Parents’ Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X (October 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23971, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3061652

Martha Jane Bailey (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics ( email )

611 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1220
United States

Olga Malkova

University of Kentucky - Department of Economics ( email )

Lexington, KY 40506
United States

Zoë McLaren

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor ( email )

500 S. State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

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