Allocating Scarce Organs: How a Change in Supply Affects Transplant Waiting Lists and Transplant Recipients

Dickert-Conlin, Stacy, Todd Elder, and Keith Teltser. 2019. "Allocating Scarce Organs: How a Change in Supply Affects Transplant Waiting Lists and Transplant Recipients." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 11 (4): 210-39.

55 Pages Posted: 9 Oct 2017 Last revised: 9 Mar 2020

See all articles by Stacy Dickert-Conlin

Stacy Dickert-Conlin

Michigan State University

Todd E. Elder

Michigan State University

Keith Teltser

Georgia State University

Date Written: October 19, 2018

Abstract

Vast organ shortages motivated recent efforts to increase the supply of transplantable organs, but we know little about the demand side of the market. We test the implications of a model of organ demand using the universe of U.S. transplant data from 1987 to 2013. Exploiting variation in supply induced by state-level motorcycle helmet laws, we demonstrate that each organ that becomes available from a deceased donor in a particular region induces five transplant candidates to join that region’s transplant waitlist, while crowding out living-donor transplants. Even with the corresponding demand increase, positive supply shocks increase post-transplant survival rates.

Keywords: Organ Allocation, Transplant Supply, Waiting Lists, Helmet Laws

JEL Classification: I11, I18

Suggested Citation

Dickert-Conlin, Stacy and Elder, Todd E. and Teltser, Keith, Allocating Scarce Organs: How a Change in Supply Affects Transplant Waiting Lists and Transplant Recipients (October 19, 2018). Dickert-Conlin, Stacy, Todd Elder, and Keith Teltser. 2019. "Allocating Scarce Organs: How a Change in Supply Affects Transplant Waiting Lists and Transplant Recipients." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 11 (4): 210-39., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3048882 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3048882

Stacy Dickert-Conlin (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824-1122
United States

Todd E. Elder

Michigan State University ( email )

110 Marshall-Adams Hall
Department of Economics
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-355-0353 (Phone)

Keith Teltser

Georgia State University ( email )

P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/kteltser

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