Robustness Analysis of Organic Technology Adoption: Evidence from Northern Vietnamese Tea Production
47 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2017 Last revised: 16 May 2019
Date Written: September 15, 2017
Increasing consumer awareness on sustainable and healthy food choices gave rise to a growing demand for organic tea in the past decades. Most of this demand is met by imports from developing countries. This article examines the main factors affecting the choice of farm households to adopt organic tea production in Northern Vietnam. We apply a logit model to survey data from 241 Vietnamese tea farming households. We assess the robustness of the results by addressing three important statistical issues: (i) regressor endogeneity, (ii) unobserved heterogeneity at farm level and (iii) missing values. The main results are chiefly robust and largely in line with the theory. We find that farm households with higher revenues, and located in rich natural and physical environments are significantly more inclined to adopt organic tea production. Furthermore, the analysis reveals that farm households who are consulted by extension agents and belong to a tea
association increase the odds for the adoption of organic tea cultivation.
Keywords: Organic Farming, Regressor Endogeneity, Unobserved Heterogeneity, Multiple Imputations Method, Tea Production, Vietnam
JEL Classification: Q15, O33, Q18
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