Air Pollution and Long-Term Mental Health
Kim, Y.; Manley, J.; Radoias, V. Air Pollution and Long Term Mental Health. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 1355.
Posted: 31 Aug 2017 Last revised: 23 Dec 2020
Date Written: August 29, 2017
We study the long-term consequences of air pollution on mental health, using a natural experiment in Indonesia. We find that exposure to severe air pollution has significant and persistent consequences on mental health that can be observed even ten years after exposure. Women in particular seem to be more affected, but some effects persist for men as well. Pollution exposure increases the likelihood of clinical depression for women and also increases the severity of mild depressive-like symptoms for both sexes. It is not clear if men are more resistant to pollution or they simply recover faster from it.
Keywords: Air Pollution, Mental Health, Depression, Long Term, Indonesia
JEL Classification: J22, Q53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation