How Europe Matters. Different Mechanisms of Europeanization

20 Pages Posted: 12 Mar 2002

See all articles by Christoph Knill

Christoph Knill

University of Konstanz; University of Jena - Institute of Political Science

Dirk Lehmkuhl

University of St. Gallen, Dep. of. Political Science


While much has been written about the European Union (EU), most of the scholarly work is concerned with the developments at the European level. It is only recently, that we observe increasing attempts to address this research deficit. Notwithstanding a growing number of studies explicitly concerned with the Europeanization of domestic institutions, we still lack consistent and systematic concepts to account for the varying patterns of institutional adjustment across countries and policy sectors. In order to arrive at a more general understanding of the domestic impact of European policy-making, this paper provides a more comprehensive explanatory framework. We distinguish three types of European policy-making, namely positive integration, negative integration, and what might be called "framing" integration, which are characterized by distinctive mechanisms of Europeanization, and hence require distinctive approaches in order to explain their domestic impact. We argue that it is the specific mechanism, rather than the nominal category of the policy area that is the most important factor to be taken into account when investigating the domestic impact of varying European policies.

Keywords: European integration, administrative adaptation, differentiated integration, environmental policy, europeanization, France, Germany, Italy, implementation, institutionalism, political opportunity structure, negative integration, Netherlands, positive integration, transport policy, U.K., political science

Suggested Citation

Knill, Christoph and Lehmkuhl, Dirk, How Europe Matters. Different Mechanisms of Europeanization. Available at SSRN: or

Christoph Knill (Contact Author)

University of Konstanz ( email )

Fach D-144
Universitätsstraße 10
Konstanz, D-78457

University of Jena - Institute of Political Science ( email )

Institute of Political Science
Carl-Zeiss-Straße 3
Jena, 07743
+49 3641 945450 (Phone)
+49 3641 945452 (Fax)

Dirk Lehmkuhl

University of St. Gallen, Dep. of. Political Science ( email )

Bodanstrasse 8
CH-9000 St. Gallen, 9000
+41-(0)71-244 3985 (Phone)

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics