The Mixed Oligopoly of Cross-Border Payment Systems

35 Pages Posted: 17 Aug 2017 Last revised: 27 Jun 2018

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 5, 2005


This paper presents a model depicting cross-border payment systems as a mixed oligopoly.A private net settlement system that maximises profit competes with the central banks' gross settlement system that maximises welfare.It may be optimal for the central bank system to encourage increased use of the private system by charging fees that exceed the marginal cost.The central bank system is not only a competitor but also an essential service provider, because central bank money is needed for net settlement of payments in the private system.In some cases the central bank system can paradoxically induce the private system to charge lower fees by making it expensive to use central bank money for settlement purposes. Key words: payment systems, network economics, mixed oligopolies JEL Classification numbers: L13, L44, F36, G29

JEL Classification: L13, L44, F36, G29

Suggested Citation

Kauko, Karlo, The Mixed Oligopoly of Cross-Border Payment Systems (April 5, 2005). Bank of Finland Research Discussion Paper No. 11/2005, Available at SSRN:

Karlo Kauko (Contact Author)

Bank of Finland ( email )

P.O. Box 160
FIN-00101 Helsinki

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics