Economics of Antibiotic Use in U.S. Livestock Production
USDA, Economic Research Report Number 200, November 2015
100 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2017
Date Written: June 6, 2017
Farmers use antibiotics to treat, prevent, and control animal diseases and increase the productivity of animals and operations. However, there is concern that routine antibiotic use in livestock will contribute to antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, with repercussions for human and animal health. Given these concerns, pressure to limit antibiotic uses for purposes other than disease treatment is mounting. Changes in use will lead to a series of adjustments in animal agriculture as producers change production practices, with potential repercussions for prices and volumes in livestock markets. This report addresses the following questions: How widely are antibiotics used in the livestock industries? How could the current structure of the livestock industry influence the effects of restrictions on certain uses of antibiotics? How might the restriction of antibiotics affect production and costs at the animal and farm levels? How might those impacts affect production and prices in markets?
Keywords: Antibiotics, livestock, United States, economics, prices, feed efficiency, production purposes, antimicobials, growth promotion, policy analysis, disease prevention
JEL Classification: Q10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation