An Analysis of the Association between Firms' Investment Opportunities, Board Composition, and Firm Performance

Posted: 31 Jan 2002

See all articles by Marion R. Hutchinson

Marion R. Hutchinson

Queensland University of Technology - QUT Business School

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Abstract

According to agency theory the corporate board is an important internal governance mechanism. Critics of corporate governance suggest that board monitoring will be more effective if boards consist primarily of independent outside directors and from increased shareholdings of directors (Kren and Kerr, 1997). However, the results of previous studies testing board effectiveness have been mixed. The purpose of this paper is to identify the variables that influence the board structure adopted by firms and the subsequent relationship to the firm's performance. The results of this study of 229 Australian firms show that firms' investment opportunities are strongly associated with a higher proportion of executive directors on the board. When testing the efficiency of the board the results show that the negative relationship between a firm's investment opportunity set and firm performance is weakened at higher levels of non-executive director board domination. The results of this study have implications for policy setters and managers of firms with investment opportunities.

Keywords: Agency theory, Corporate governance, Investment opportunity set, Firm performance

JEL Classification: D21, D82, G34, G39

Suggested Citation

Hutchinson, Marion R., An Analysis of the Association between Firms' Investment Opportunities, Board Composition, and Firm Performance. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=298119

Marion R. Hutchinson (Contact Author)

Queensland University of Technology - QUT Business School ( email )

GPO Box 2434
Brisbane, Queensland 4001
Australia
0417548273 (Phone)

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