地缘政治、国际话语权与国际法上的规则制定权 (Geopolitics, Discursive Power and International Law-Making behind the One-Belt-One-Road Initiative)

China Law Review, No. 2, P. 39-45, 2016 [《中国法律评论》2016年第2期,第39-45页]

7 Pages Posted: 22 May 2017

See all articles by Jiangyu Wang

Jiangyu Wang

City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) - Centre for Chinese & Comparative Law

Date Written: March 18, 2016

Abstract

Chinese Abstract: “丝绸之路经济带”和“21 世纪海上丝绸之路”, 简称“一带一路”, 这是中国在改革开放时期少见的一次意图以实力支撑 的战略运作来改变国际秩序和实现国际力量重组的重大国家规划, 也是新一届中国政府确定的对外关系顶层设计。本文旨在从地缘政治和国际话语权两个角度来解读这一倡议背后的动因。一带一路在国际政治上有可能衍生出一套新的论述和战略, 其暗中契合地缘政治的一个流传已久 的重大理论;若成功实施, 可以在某种程度上实现国际政治经济关系在区域内的重整和再组, 并在此基础上产生全球性影响。在软力量方面,一带一路旨在张扬中国在国际社会的”话语权“。本文认为,话语权需要如下条件:(1)一个国家的硬实力;(2)国家意识形态号召力;(3)制造思想及将思想转化为规则的能力;(4)有国际信誉的媒体平台;(5)积极参与国际事务并愿意承担责任。从这些方面看,中国在短期内获得国际话语权并不乐观。

English Abstract: This papers looks at the "hard" and "soft" motivations behind China's One-Belt-One-Road (OBOR) initiative. The "hard" motivation is in part premised on China's geo-political ambition, which may be explained from the perspective of Sir Halford John MacKinder's Heartland Theory. The "soft" aspects of the OBOR demonstrate China's ambition to developing the so-called "discursive power" in playing a leadership role in international rule-making. On the latter, the papers argues that China has to meet the following conditions: (1) respectable hard power; (2) soft power in holding values and ideology to appeal to other countries; (3) the capability to produce ideas and convert ideas into rules; (4) media trusted by the international society; and (5) the political will to actively participate and take responsibility in international affairs. China is currently not in the position to satisfy those conditions, but the OBOR may provide an opportunity or at least a lab for China to develop those abilities.

Note: Downloadable document is in Chinese.

Keywords: One Belt One Road; Belt and Road Initiative; Geopolitics; International Law; International Rule-Making; Heartland Theory; Discourse; Discursive Power

JEL Classification: K33; F53; F54; F55

Suggested Citation

Wang, JiangYu, 地缘政治、国际话语权与国际法上的规则制定权 (Geopolitics, Discursive Power and International Law-Making behind the One-Belt-One-Road Initiative) (March 18, 2016). China Law Review, No. 2, P. 39-45, 2016 [《中国法律评论》2016年第2期,第39-45页], Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2970391

JiangYu Wang (Contact Author)

City University of Hong Kong (CityUHK) - Centre for Chinese & Comparative Law ( email )

83 Tat Chee Avenue
Room P5300, 5th Floor, Academic 1
Kowloon Tong
Hong Kong
34427026 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.cityu.edu.hk/slw/people/people_wang_jiangyu.html

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
196
Abstract Views
1,273
rank
190,007
PlumX Metrics