A Theoretical Harmonization of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) in the Construction Sector in Zimbabwe: Introducing the 3P Model
Dynamic Research Journals' Journal of Economics & Finance (DRJ-JEF), 2(4), pp. 19-29.
11 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2017
Date Written: April 27, 2017
Critical Success Factors (CSFs) are those few ingredients to project management practice with direct or indirect impact on project success. CSFs comprise of most important elements which have to be systematically synchronized to ensure proper project delivery. Zimbabwean economy is characterized by many incomplete projects with various reasons attached and this dates back for 1990s projects. The study of CSFs is a means of significantly improving project effectiveness and efficiency. The purpose of this paper is to identify CSFs in the construction sector through Critical Literature Review (CLR) and a special reference to Zimbabwe is made. The study managed to group the CSFs into three categories (3P Model), which are project stakeholder related factors, project management related factors and procurement related factors. The applicability of the 3P Model is industry specific and also country specific. The model aids managers to shift from numerous factors and concentrate on critical success factors and hence enabling project success. Besides adding to the construction management body of knowledge, the study is important and instrumental for industry practitioners, academics and policy makers.
Keywords: 3P Model, Construction Projects, Construction Sector, Critical Success Factors (CSFs), Procurement, Project Failure, Project Management, Project Success, Project Time, Zimbabwe
JEL Classification: L52, L74, L78, M11, N67, O22, O25, O31, O43.
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