Socio-economic Determinants of Women Access to Healthcare Services in Sub-Saharan Africa
19 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2017
Date Written: April 1, 2017
The study examined the socio-economic determinants of women access to healthcare services in Sub-Saharan Africa for the period 1995-2015. The study adopted the dynamic panel model and estimated it using the System Generalized Method of Moments in a bid to overcome the endogeneity problem inherent in the model of study.
The study harmonized the theoretical strands in literature by describing the measure of access determinants as three main components:
i. health service availability,
ii. Health service utilization and,
iii. Health service decision.
The indicators of health service availability such as community health workers, physician, nurses and midwives and hospital beds improve women access to healthcare facilities in Africa. Also, health service utilization indicators such as population density worsen the quality of healthcare services available to women while electricity access and private health expenditure enhances women access to quality healthcare delivery. Health service decision indicators such as female bank account ownership, female labour force participation, attainment of basic education and female household headship were important in enhancing women access to healthcare facilities. Generally, women health outcomes were more responsive to health service utilization; implying that service utilization is an important proof of healthcare access in Africa.
Keywords: Healthcare Access, Socio-economic Determinants, Sub-Saharan Africa, GMM
JEL Classification: I11, Z13, N27
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation