Socio-economic Determinants of Women Access to Healthcare Services in Sub-Saharan Africa

19 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2017

See all articles by Dominic Azuh

Dominic Azuh

Covenant University

Adeyemi Ogundipe

Covenant University

Date Written: April 1, 2017

Abstract

The study examined the socio-economic determinants of women access to healthcare services in Sub-Saharan Africa for the period 1995-2015. The study adopted the dynamic panel model and estimated it using the System Generalized Method of Moments in a bid to overcome the endogeneity problem inherent in the model of study.

The study harmonized the theoretical strands in literature by describing the measure of access determinants as three main components:

i. health service availability,

ii. Health service utilization and,

iii. Health service decision.

The indicators of health service availability such as community health workers, physician, nurses and midwives and hospital beds improve women access to healthcare facilities in Africa. Also, health service utilization indicators such as population density worsen the quality of healthcare services available to women while electricity access and private health expenditure enhances women access to quality healthcare delivery. Health service decision indicators such as female bank account ownership, female labour force participation, attainment of basic education and female household headship were important in enhancing women access to healthcare facilities. Generally, women health outcomes were more responsive to health service utilization; implying that service utilization is an important proof of healthcare access in Africa.

Keywords: Healthcare Access, Socio-economic Determinants, Sub-Saharan Africa, GMM

JEL Classification: I11, Z13, N27

Suggested Citation

Azuh, Dominic and Ogundipe, Adeyemi, Socio-economic Determinants of Women Access to Healthcare Services in Sub-Saharan Africa (April 1, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2951600 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2951600

Dominic Azuh

Covenant University ( email )

Canaanland
Km 10 Idiroko road
Ota, 24001
Nigeria

Adeyemi Ogundipe (Contact Author)

Covenant University ( email )

Canaanland
Km 10 Idiroko road
Ota, 24001
Nigeria
+2348161927372 (Phone)

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