A Model of Gainsharing: Culture, Outcomes and Employee Reactions
17 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2017 Last revised: 22 Aug 2018
Date Written: March 12, 2017
The current paper presents an integrated model of gainsharing based upon theory and research in goal setting, goal structures (e.g., competitive vs cooperative) and reactions to success and failure for different goal structures. The basic model proposes that gainsharing influences employee behavior through cooperative goals that, in turn, influence levels of performance. In addition, successful or unsuccessful attainment of gainsharing bonuses will have predictable cognitive (e.g., ability and effort attributions), affective (e.g., feeling toward others) and behavioral effects on employees. The basic process will be moderated by an number of key variables, including organization level (e.g., competitive vs cooperative cues), task level (e.g., competitive vs cooperative cues, complexity), manager level (e.g., support and expectations) and employee level (e.g., desire to participate, task knowledge, expectations).
Keywords: Gainsharing, Goal Setting, Cooperation Theory
JEL Classification: L29, D74, J39, M14, O35, M52
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation