Harvesting in an Eight Species Ecosystem
51 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2001
Date Written: October 2001
The theory for a general equilibrium ecosystem model that can include large number of interacting species is presented. Features include: 1) individual plants and animals are assumed to behave as if they are maximizing their net energy intake, 2) short and long-run equilibriums are obtained, 3) species' population adjustments depend on individual net energies. The theory is applied using simulations of an eight-species Alaskan marine ecosystem for which a "natural" equilibrium is calculated. Humans are introduced by adding a regulated open access fishery that harvests one of the species. Fishing impacts the fish population as well as the populations of other species, including Stellar sea lions, an endangered species. The sensitivity of fish and non-fish species populations to harvesting are calculated.
Keywords: harvesting, ecosystem, multiple species
JEL Classification: Q20, Q22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation