Situation Analysis of the Nursing Workforce in Rural Health Centres in India
Nursing and Midwifery Research Journal, Vol 12, No 4, pp. 169-179, 2016
14 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2017 Last revised: 28 Apr 2018
Date Written: November 30, 2016
Availability of nurses in the rural health centres is a major concern in India. The numbers of nurses are not sufficient to meet the health care needs. In this paper we make an attempt to examine the current situation of the nursing workforce in the public health sector in rural India. We find that although the numbers of nurses and midwives in the public health centres in rural India have been increasing during the last decade, the sector has suffered from acute shortage of nurses. The density of nurses and nurse-doctor ratio are abysmally low compared to the global norms. There is widespread variation in the distribution of nurses across states/union territories. Besides, a considerable percentage of sanctioned posts are remained unfilled at all levels, and another sizable proportion of the required posts remained non-sanctioned across states/union territories. There has been rapid expansion of number of educational institutions and training capacity of nurses in India during the last two decades, but the quality of education in private institutes remains a serious concern. The paper emphasises for urgent needs to address the nursing shortage in the public health centres in rural India.
Keywords: Nursing workforce, density of nurses, nursing shortfall, nursing education, regional disparity
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