Compliance for Big Brothers - An Empirical Analysis on the Impact of the Anti-Trafficking Protocol
35 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 5, 2017
The Anti-trafficking Protocol reflects the interests of the major powers. Due to the high costs of compliance, countries will strategically select certain obligations, which will satisfy the major powers most efficiently with lower costs of compliance. Among the three main obligations of the Protocol – prevention, protection and prosecution – we predict that ratification leads to the strongest effect on compliance with the prevention policy because prevention reflects the key interests of the major powers, while triggering less domestic resistance and political costs to implement. Therefore it is the most ‘efficient’ form of compliance. We empirically test this hypothesis by employing panel data from 147 countries during the period of 2001-2009. As the theory predicts, the ratification of the Protocol has the strongest effect on the prevention policy of a member state compared to protection and prosecution.
Keywords: Human trafficking; international anti-trafficking law; compliance
JEL Classification: F22, F53, K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation