Compliance for Big Brothers - An Empirical Analysis on the Impact of the Anti-Trafficking Protocol

35 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2017

See all articles by Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati

Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati

University College Dublin (UCD) - Department of Politics

Seo-Young Cho

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics

Date Written: January 5, 2017

Abstract

The Anti-trafficking Protocol reflects the interests of the major powers. Due to the high costs of compliance, countries will strategically select certain obligations, which will satisfy the major powers most efficiently with lower costs of compliance. Among the three main obligations of the Protocol – prevention, protection and prosecution – we predict that ratification leads to the strongest effect on compliance with the prevention policy because prevention reflects the key interests of the major powers, while triggering less domestic resistance and political costs to implement. Therefore it is the most ‘efficient’ form of compliance. We empirically test this hypothesis by employing panel data from 147 countries during the period of 2001-2009. As the theory predicts, the ratification of the Protocol has the strongest effect on the prevention policy of a member state compared to protection and prosecution.

Keywords: Human trafficking; international anti-trafficking law; compliance

JEL Classification: F22, F53, K33

Suggested Citation

Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya and Cho, Seo-Young, Compliance for Big Brothers - An Empirical Analysis on the Impact of the Anti-Trafficking Protocol (January 5, 2017). European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 28, 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2894424

Krishna Chaitanya Vadlamannati (Contact Author)

University College Dublin (UCD) - Department of Politics ( email )

Belfield
Dublin 4
Ireland

Seo-Young Cho

University of Marburg - School of Business & Economics ( email )

Barfuessertor 2
Marburg, Hessen 35037
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.economics-human-trafficking.org/

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