Localising Temperature Risk
SFB 649 Discussion Paper 2011-001
31 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2017
Date Written: December 6, 2010
On the temperature derivative market, modeling temperature volatility is an important issue for pricing and hedging. In order to apply pricing tools of financial mathematics, one needs to isolate a Gaussian risk factor. A conventional model for temperature dynamics is a stochastic model with seasonality and inter temporal autocorrelation. Empirical work based on seasonality and autocorrelation correction reveals that the obtained residuals are heteroscedastic with a periodic pattern. The object of this research is to estimate this heteroscedastic function so that after scale normalisation a pure standardised Gaussian variable appears. Earlier work investigated this temperature risk in different locations and showed that neither parametric component functions nor a local linear smoother with constant smoothing parameter are flexible enough to generally describe the volatility process well. Therefore, we consider a local adaptive modeling approach to find at each time point, an optimal smoothing parameter to locally estimate the seasonality and volatility. Our approach provides a more flexible and accurate fitting procedure of localised temperature risk process by achieving excellent normal risk factors.
Keywords: weather derivatives, localising temperature residuals, seasonality, local model selection
JEL Classification: G19, G29, G22, N23, N53, Q59
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