Terrorism 4.0: A Global and Structural Analysis

Open Political Science, Vol. 1, 153-163

11 Pages Posted: 6 Jan 2017 Last revised: 21 Feb 2019

Date Written: December 31, 2018


The paper is an analysis of the different typology, forms and aspects of terrorism in its modern incarnation. It is a critical and thorough analysis of the varied manifestations of terrorism in the international political system. The paper shows that terrorism has evolved with modernity. Terrorism in its new variation is what this paper has called ‘Terrorism 4.0.’ Terrorism 4.0 (T4) has two basic and definable characteristics: it is fratricidal and genocidal in nature. The paper explores the different strategies and tactics employed by various and distinct terrorist groups to destabilize states in the international political system using T4 in combination with traditional terrorism practices. By drawing on the activities of non-state actors such as ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Tehrik-i-Taliban, Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, Hamas and Hezbollah, the paper shows that terrorism has evolved beyond its traditional conceptions in the 20th century.

Keywords: Terrorism, Structural Analysis, Terrorism 4.0, Boko Haram, ISIS, Al Qaeda

Suggested Citation

Falode, Adewunmi James, Terrorism 4.0: A Global and Structural Analysis (December 31, 2018). Open Political Science, Vol. 1, 153-163, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2893253 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2893253

Adewunmi James Falode (Contact Author)

Lagos State University ( email )

Lagos State

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics