The Political Consequences of Ethnic Tension: Theory and Evidence

24 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2016

See all articles by Kemal Kivanc Aköz

Kemal Kivanc Aköz

New York University Abu Dhabi

K. Peren Arin

Zayed University

Christina Zenker

Zayed University

Date Written: October 8, 2016

Abstract

By counting the number of articles published in major US newspapers containing carefully selected keywords, we construct a time varying measure of ethnic tension. Then, we empirically test the predictions of a theoretical model by using the aforementioned measure, and investigate how ethnic tension affects presidential approval ratings by different ethnic groups. Our results show that while ethnic tension decreases the approval by white voters, the opposite is true for the approval by African American voters. Further scrutiny reveals that this may be explained by the fact that government transfers to African Americans increase as a result of higher ethnic tension.

Keywords: Ethnic Tension, Presidential Approval, Government Transfers

JEL Classification: J15, H11, H12, O15

Suggested Citation

Aköz, Kemal and Arin, Kerim Peren and Zenker, Christina, The Political Consequences of Ethnic Tension: Theory and Evidence (October 8, 2016). CAMA Working Paper No. 72/2016 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2882929 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2882929

Kemal Aköz

New York University Abu Dhabi ( email )

New York University Abu Dhabi
Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi 129188
United Arab Emirates

Kerim Peren Arin (Contact Author)

Zayed University ( email )

P.O. Box 4783
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates

Christina Zenker

Zayed University ( email )

P.O. Box 4783
Abu Dhabi
United Arab Emirates

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