Climate Mitigation in China: Which Policies are Most Effective?
72 Pages Posted: 9 Dec 2016
Date Written: July 2016
For the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, China pledged to reduce the carbon dioxide (CO2) intensity of GDP by 60-65 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. This paper develops a practical spreadsheet tool for evaluating a wide range of national level fiscal and regulatory policy options for reducing CO2 emissions in China in terms of their impacts on emissions, revenue, premature deaths from local air pollution, household and industry groups, and overall economic welfare. By far, carbon and coal taxes are the most effective policies for meeting environmental and fiscal objectives as they comprehensively cover emissions and have the largest tax base.
Keywords: Climatic changes, China, Greenhouse gas emissions, Trading systems, Fiscal policy, Climate policy, Paris Agreement, carbon tax, China, air pollution, coal tax, emissions trading, incidence, welfare effects
JEL Classification: Q48, Q54, Q58, H23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation