The Evolution of Inflation Expectations in Euro Area Markets
44 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2016
Date Written: November 30, 2016
This paper explores the behaviour of inflation expectations across countries that share their monetary policy, in particular those of the European Monetary Union. We investigate the possible common features at the various horizons, as well as differentials across euro area countries. A multi-country dynamic factor model based on Diebold et al. (2008), where we also add a liquidity risk component, is proposed and estimated using daily data from inflation swaps for Spain, Italy, France, Germany and the euro area as a whole, and for a wide range of horizons. It allows us to calculate the proportion of common vs country-specific components in the term structure of inflation expectations. We find sizable differences in inflation expectations across the main euro area countries only at short maturities, while in general a common component predominates throughout the years, especially at long horizons. The common long-run level of inflation expectations is estimated to have fallen since late 2014, while an increased persistence of lower expected inflation and for longer horizons is estimated from 2012. There has been no reversal in either of these characteristics following the announcement and implementation of the ECB’s unconventional monetary policy measures.
Keywords: Inflation Expectations; Monetary Union; Inflation-Linked Swaps; Multicountry Dynamic Factor Model; Liquidity Risk Premium
JEL Classification: E31; C32; G13
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation