Multilingualism and the Decline of French in Quebec
Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development (Forthcoming)
27 Pages Posted: 28 Nov 2016 Last revised: 28 Nov 2019
Date Written: September 18, 2019
Using census data from 2001 to 2016, we provide evidence that the French language is gaining ground in Quebec. We show that the apparent decline of French in Quebec is linked to a rise in multilingualism, especially when French is one of the multiple languages spoken. We argue that the census statistics are distorted by inter-linguistic marriages and a rise in the proportion of individuals whose language at home is different from their language at work. The level of usage of the French language is therefore considerably underestimated.
Keywords: Linguistic Demography; Language Policy; Human Capital
JEL Classification: I26; J10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation