A Note on Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curves with Panel Data

26 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2001

See all articles by Herman R.J. Vollebergh

Herman R.J. Vollebergh

PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Bilthoven); Tilburg Unversity ; CESifo Institute; Tilburg Sustainability Centre; Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management

Elbert Dijkgraaf

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Erasmus University Rotterdam, SEOR-ECRi

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 2001

Abstract

This paper casts doubt on empirical results based on panel estimations of an "inverted-U" relationship between per capita GDP and pollution. Using a new data set for OECD countries on carbon dioxide emissions for the period 1960-1997, we find that the crucial assumption of homogeneity across countries is problematic. Decisively rejected are model specifications that feature even weaker homogeneity assumptions than are commonly used. Furthermore, our results challenge the existence of an overall Environmental Kuznets Curve for carbon dioxide emissions.

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curves, panel data, heterogeneity

JEL Classification: C33, O50, Q40

Suggested Citation

Vollebergh, Herman R.J. and Dijkgraaf, Elbert, A Note on Testing for Environmental Kuznets Curves with Panel Data (September 2001). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=286692 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.286692

Herman R.J. Vollebergh (Contact Author)

PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (Bilthoven) ( email )

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Tilburg Unversity ( email )

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Tilburg University - Tilburg University School of Economics and Management ( email )

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Elbert Dijkgraaf

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

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Erasmus University Rotterdam, SEOR-ECRi ( email )

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