Small-Scale Farming, Agricultural Productivity and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: The Enabling Role of Agricultural Technology Adoption

Journal of European Social Sciences, Forthcoming

27 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2016

See all articles by Ojo Samuel

Ojo Samuel

University of Ibadan, Students

Ogunniyi Adebayo

University of Ibadan, Students

Salman Kayode

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics

Kehinde Olagunju

Saint Istvan University

Iwinlade Ayodeji

University of Ibadan, Students

Adeyemi Ogundipe

Covenant University

Date Written: October 9, 2016

Abstract

Existing literature affirms the importance of agricultural technology adoption on productivity, income and livelihood outcomes. Evidences subsists on the adoption of improved cassava varieties (ICVs) in Nigeria but little is known about its impact among the farmers. We used data from a survey conducted by International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) to explore this research gap. Propensity Score Matching and Heckman’s two-stage model were the analytical tools. Given an estimated poverty line of (₦21717.53); 52.0% of the farmers were poor. We found that 75.6% of the respondents are adopters of ICVs. Primary occupation of household head and total non-production asset of farmers were key determinants for adoption. Adoption of improved cassava variety has positive effect on farmers’ productivity and poverty reduction. The Average Treatment Effect on the Treated (ATT) for productivity increased by 70 percent among ICVs farmers. Income was also higher among the adopters than the non- adopters by ₦43463.77. In the same vein, the income of the adopters increased by 17%. Furthermore, adopters of ICVs have the probability of reducing poverty headcount by 20%. The empirical results suggest that improved agricultural innovation adoption can play a key role in strengthening and impacting agricultural productivity of smallholder farmers for increased income generation and food security.

Keywords: Adoption, Productivity, Nigeria

JEL Classification: B21, I32, Q18

Suggested Citation

Samuel, Ojo and Adebayo, Ogunniyi and Kayode, Salman and Olagunju, Kehinde and Ayodeji, Iwinlade and Ogundipe, Adeyemi, Small-Scale Farming, Agricultural Productivity and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria: The Enabling Role of Agricultural Technology Adoption (October 9, 2016). Journal of European Social Sciences, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2850046

Ojo Samuel

University of Ibadan, Students ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

Ogunniyi Adebayo

University of Ibadan, Students ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

Salman Kayode

University of Ibadan - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

Ibadan
Nigeria

Kehinde Olagunju

Saint Istvan University ( email )

Páter K. srt.
Gödöllő, 12100
Hungary

Iwinlade Ayodeji

University of Ibadan, Students

Ibadan
Nigeria

Adeyemi Ogundipe (Contact Author)

Covenant University ( email )

Canaanland
Km 10 Idiroko road
Ota, 24001
Nigeria
+2348161927372 (Phone)

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