Introduction of Head Start and Maternal Labor Supply: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design

37 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2016

See all articles by Cuiping Long

Cuiping Long

University of Illinois at Chicago

Date Written: July 1, 2016

Abstract

I use the non-public decennial censuses in 1970 to investigate the effect of the Head Start program on maternal labor supply and schooling in its early years. I exploit a discontinuity in county-level Head Start funding beginning in the late 1960s to explore differences in county level maternal employment and maternal schooling. The results provide suggestive evidence that the more availability of Head Start led to an increase the nursery school enrollment of children and a decrease in maternal labor supply. In addition, the ITT estimates imply a relatively large, negative effect of enrollment on maternal labor supply. However, the estimates are somewhat sensitive to addition of covariates and the standard errors are also large to draw firm inferences.

Suggested Citation

Long, Cuiping, Introduction of Head Start and Maternal Labor Supply: Evidence from a Regression Discontinuity Design (July 1, 2016). US Census Bureau Center for Economic Studies Paper No. CES-WP-16-35, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2817492 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2817492

Cuiping Long (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1200 W Harrison St
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

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