The Role of Structural Transformation in the Potential of Asian Economic Growth
31 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2016
Date Written: March 1, 2016
The transition from low-income developing country to high-income developed country involves a deep process of structural transformation in which the productive structure of an economy changes. In this paper we examine this process of structural change and its link to productivity growth for a sample of Asian countries. In particular, the paper addresses the following questions:
What is the typical pattern of structural change that countries experience when they catch up from low-income levels to the economic frontier?
To what extent and in which form did structural change contribute to productivity growth in Asia since 1990?
How does the contribution of structural change to productivity growth compare to the effects of deviations of actual growth from potential growth?
How does the effect of structural change differ between total factor productivity growth and labor productivity growth?
And, what is the order of magnitude of the productivity effects that can be expected from further convergence of Asian countries to the economic structure that characterizes middle-income and high-income countries?
Keywords: labor productivity, structural decomposition, total factor productivity
JEL Classification: O14, O47
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation