Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China

11 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2016

See all articles by Xiaobo He

Xiaobo He

School of Business, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics; University of Adelaide - Global Food Studies

Rong Zhu

Flinders University

Date Written: September 2016

Abstract

Using population census data, this paper examines the causal effect of a second child on married women's labour force participation in urban China. To ameliorate the endogeneity of fertility, we exploited twin births as the source of variation in fertility. Although the ordinary least squares estimates indicate that having one more child significantly reduces female labour force participation by around 6 and 9 percentage points in 1990 and 2000, respectively, our causal analyses suggest very small negative effects in 1990 (around 2 percentage points) and an insignificant effect in 2000.

Suggested Citation

He, Xiaobo and Zhu, Rong, Fertility and Female Labour Force Participation: Causal Evidence from Urban China (September 2016). The Manchester School, Vol. 84, Issue 5, pp. 664-674, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2810390 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/manc.12128

Xiaobo He (Contact Author)

School of Business, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics ( email )

No. 1900, Wenxiang Road
Shanghai, 201620
China

University of Adelaide - Global Food Studies ( email )

10 Pulteney Street
Adelaide, South Australia 5005
Australia

Rong Zhu

Flinders University

GPO Box 2100
Adelaide S.A. 5001, SA 5063
Australia

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