Surrogacy: Art's Forgotten Child
University of New South Wales Law Journal, 29(2), pp. 227-232
6 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2016
Date Written: 2006
For decades, various kinds of assisted reproductive technology ('ART') have been used to facilitate pregnancy for infertile couples. Techniques used include artificial insemination, in vitro fertilisation, gamete intra-fallopian transfer and zygote intra-fallopian transfer. Depending on the technique used and the circumstances of the couple, the parents may or may not be genetically related to their offspring. ART of the kind mentioned is now regarded as standard, mainstream medical intervention. While such treatment is now regarded by most as ethically and morally uncontroversial, our society is confronted with many ethical and moral dilemmas as a result of ART and the advances in scientific knowledge associated with reproductive techniques. Who should be entitled to access ART? Should prospective parents be able to select the sex or indeed any other physical characteristics of their child? Should pre-implantation genetic manipulation be permitted if this could have positive medical outcomes for an existing child of the parents? Should the offspring be entitled to information about their genetic origin? As scientific advances make more options available, these, and other, challenging issues will need to be addressed and resolved by our community and lawmakers.
Keywords: assisted reproductive technology, surrogacy
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