Long-Run Health Consequences of Air Pollution: Evidence from Indonesia's Forest Fires of 1997
Posted: 24 May 2016 Last revised: 21 Apr 2018
Date Written: May 19, 2016
While many studies in the medical literature documented causal relationships between air pollution and negative health outcomes immediately following exposure, much less is known about the long run health consequences of pollution exposure. Using the 1997 Indonesian forest fires as a natural experiment, we estimate the long term effects of air pollution on health outcomes. We take advantage of the longitudinal nature of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS), which collects detailed individual data on a multitude of health outcomes, in both 1997 and 2007. We find significant negative effects of pollution, which persist in the long run. Men and the elderly are impacted the most, while children seem to recover almost completely from these early shocks.
Keywords: Air Pollution, Health, Indonesia
JEL Classification: I1, Q53
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation