Collective Property Leads to Household Investments: Lessons from Land Titling in Afro-Colombian Communities

42 Pages Posted: 23 May 2016

See all articles by Ximena Peña

Ximena Peña

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Maria Alejandra Velez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes

Natalia Perdomo

Prosperidad Social

Date Written: May 5, 2016

Abstract

In the developing world, collective land titling has become an important tool for recognizing the historical presence of ethnic communities and safeguarding their rights to occupy and manage their territories. However, little is known about the average impact of these titling processes on the well-being of these communities. In this paper we attempt to estimate the impact of collective land titling in territories inhabited by Afro-descendent communities in Colombia. Using an Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) estimation, we compare rural districts in titled areas with rural districts in untitled areas that are similar in all the relevant observable characteristics. We find that the collective titling process in the Chocó region has caused an increase in average household per capita income, larger investments in housing, higher attendance rates among children in primary education, and a decrease in housing overcrowding. Our results suggest that collective land titling creates a more secure natural resource base and a longer time horizon for households in collective territories, which leads to investment in their private physical and human capital.

Keywords: Afro-descendants; Collective property; Colombia; Ethnic community; Land titling

JEL Classification: Q15, Q24, R52, N36, N56

Suggested Citation

Pena, Ximena and Velez, Maria Alejandra and Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo and Perdomo, Natalia, Collective Property Leads to Household Investments: Lessons from Land Titling in Afro-Colombian Communities (May 5, 2016). Documento CEDE No. 2016-13, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2782527 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2782527

Ximena Pena (Contact Author)

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Maria Alejandra Velez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia ( email )

Carrera Primera # 18A-12
Bogota, DC D.C. 110311
Colombia

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
339-4949 ext. 2473 (Phone)

Natalia Perdomo

Prosperidad Social ( email )

Calle 7 No. 6-54
Bogota
Colombia

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