Heterogeneous Effects of Medical Interventions on the Health of Low-Risk Newborns

56 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2016

See all articles by N. Meltem Daysal

N. Meltem Daysal

Tilburg University; IZA

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics

Reyn van Ewijk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics

Abstract

We investigate the impact of early-life medical interventions on low-risk newborn health. A policy rule in The Netherlands creates large discontinuities in medical treatments at gestational week 37. Using a regression discontinuity design, we find no health benefits from additional treatments for average newborns. However, there is substantial heterogeneity in returns to treatments with significant health benefits for newborns in the lowest income quartile and no benefits in higher income quartiles. This seems due to increased maternal stress from referral to an obstetrician among higher-income mothers, heterogeneous effects of home births, and potential difficulties in risk screening among low-income women.

Keywords: medical interventions, birth, heterogeneity, mortality

JEL Classification: I11, I12, I18, J13

Suggested Citation

Daysal, N. Meltem and Trandafir, Mircea and van Ewijk, Reyn, Heterogeneous Effects of Medical Interventions on the Health of Low-Risk Newborns. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9810, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2750293

N. Meltem Daysal (Contact Author)

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics ( email )

DK-5230 Odense
Denmark

Reyn Van Ewijk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics ( email )

Saarstrasse 21
Mainz, D-55099
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.econometrics.economics.uni-mainz.de/392.php

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