Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship

2015 Inaugural Entrepreneurship Research Society (ERS) Research Conference and Meetings, October 29-30, Baruch College, City University

51 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2016

See all articles by Nabeel Muhammad

Nabeel Muhammad

Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS)

Léo‐Paul Dana

Montpellier Business School

Date Written: October 29, 2015

Abstract

Through participatory observation and in-depth interviews with members of the Memon community, in Pakistan, this paper probes into how the collective efforts of a regional network can facilitate entrepreneurship, social enterprises and regional development. The setting is a developing country that is lacking a large-scale entrepreneurial culture. Despite caste differences, Memons throughout the Karachi region meet and share experiences with other Memon members of their network – including Memons from unlike castes. Within this regional network Memons help one another. They give preferential treatment to other Memons of their regional network and sometimes also to co-ethnics from other regional networks. Entrepreneurship is encouraged by a collective effort without suppressing individual goals; this extends the social embeddedness perspective of entrepreneurship allowing for a collective efficacy along a regional network, facilitating entrepreneurship among individuals.

Keywords: collective efficacy, community, cultural capital, entrepreneurship, Memon, Pakistan, participatory observation, regional development, regional network, social capital

JEL Classification: M13, O18, P32

Suggested Citation

Muhammad, Nabeel and Dana, Léo‐Paul, Collective Efficacy of a Regional Network: Extending the Social Embeddedness Perspective of Entrepreneurship (October 29, 2015). 2015 Inaugural Entrepreneurship Research Society (ERS) Research Conference and Meetings, October 29-30, Baruch College, City University, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2749376 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2749376

Nabeel Muhammad (Contact Author)

Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) ( email )

D.H.A, Lahore Cantt
Lahore, Punjab 54792
Pakistan

Léo‐Paul Dana

Montpellier Business School ( email )

2300 Avenue des Moulins
Montpellier, 34080
France

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