Ex-Urban Sprawl as a Factor in Traffic Fatalities and EMS Response Times in the Southeastern United States

24 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2016

See all articles by Thomas E. Lambert

Thomas E. Lambert

University of Louisville

Peter Meyer

University of Louisville

Date Written: June 27, 2005

Abstract

Only recently have researchers been documenting the problems of traffic fatalities when it comes to uneven development patterns, or “sprawl”. Also, other than cases studies at the local level, no research has examined the variations in emergency services response to traffic accidents and other medical crises due to urban or ex-urban built-environment patterns (i.e., compact versus sprawled development). This research note validates earlier findings of a connection between some type of sprawled development and traffic fatalities (Ewing, Schieber, and Zegeer, 2003 and Lucy, 2003) and also shows a link between emergency services response variations due to settlement patterns in the metropolitan counties of states that make up the southeastern United States. Settlement patterns and the degree of urbanization and ex-urbanization seem to make a difference with regard to traffic fatalities and EMS run times.

Keywords: traffic fatalities, emergency medical services, EMS, ambulances, urban sprawl, response delays

JEL Classification: R11, R12, R14, R15

Suggested Citation

Lambert, Thomas E. and Meyer, Peter, Ex-Urban Sprawl as a Factor in Traffic Fatalities and EMS Response Times in the Southeastern United States (June 27, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2738399 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2738399

Thomas E. Lambert (Contact Author)

University of Louisville ( email )

Economics Dept.
Louisville, KY 40292

Peter Meyer

University of Louisville ( email )

Louisville, KY 40292
United States

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