Health Information Technologies: Which Nursing Homes Adopted Them?
24 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2016
Date Written: February 23, 2016
Purpose of the study: Long term care facilities have lagged heavily behind other health providers in adopting health information technology (IT). This paper examines the facility characteristics that are associated with health IT adoption.
Design and Methods: This study is a secondary data analysis of information gathered between 2005 and 2011 about nursing facility characteristics contained in the Online Certification & Reporting (OSCAR) files and information about health IT adoption in each nursing home contained in the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) Analytics Database. Multivariate regression analysis is conducted.
Results: Nursing homes with licensed nursing staff levels above the state average were 20% more likely to adopt computer-provided order entry (CPOE) than homes with licensed nursing staff below average. Resident resources (more Medicare-paid patients and fewer Medicaid patients) were positively correlated to health IT adoption, particularly to a clinical data repository (CDR), clinical decision support systems (CDSS), and an order entry (OE) system. Other characteristics, including chain affiliation, ownership and market competition, are also related to some health IT adoption within nursing homes.
Implication: Nursing homes with more personnel or resident resources are more likely to adopt health IT. Other factors such as market competition are also important predictors. Future research is needed to examine what factors motivate nursing homes to adopt health IT.
Keywords: health information technology; nursing home; long term care; quality of care
JEL Classification: I1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation